Pakistan is the 5th most populous country in the world. According to United Nations records, 2.83% of the total world’s population resides in Pakistan. It means that the major cities of Pakistan including Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Islamabad etc. are among the most populated cities of the world.
According to a recent survey, Karachi ranks 3rd in the entire world due to the population. While facts state that Lahore has become the second-most populous country in Pakistan with more than 15 million population. These are the shocking facts. As more population leads to more problems. Pest infestation in major cities of Pakistan is one of the serious issues, which needs to be addressed. But the big question is, why urban areas are more likely to be infested than rural areas? Here is the list of reasons, for this question:
Whether its air, water, or soil pollution; every aspect contributes to an unhygienic environment. The unhygienic conditions lead to the development of pest-friendly circumstances.
Dirty environmental conditions are the suitable birthplaces of many pests like houseflies, mosquitoes, bedbugs, cockroaches, mites, rodents etc. In major cities of Pakistan, millions of tons of garbage remain undisposed or left alone in open fields. These conditions are best for any pest to reside and reproduce.
Due to global warming, pollution and less greenery, cities are prone to higher temperatures and higher temperatures work best for filthy pests.
LESSER OR NO SUNLIGHT:
In major cities, the concept of small houses is commonly practiced. The courtyard and terrace are considered a luxury here. Most of the population in the cities is deprived of the basic need “sunlight”.
As pests are likely to born in darker areas, the urban environment settles well for pest development and growth.
In cities, woodwork is used to enhance the beauty of the house. Along with furniture, cabinets and storage areas, the concept of wood flooring is quite common. Too much usage of wood in homes lead to the growth of wood-feeding pests like a termite, woodboring beetle, powder post beetles etc.
The urban life including environmental conditions, lifestyle, eating patterns etc, paves the way for pests to develop and reproduce. It causes a higher pests infestation rate in major cities as compared to rural areas.
Like other changes, urban areas must consider pest development challenges in time. Monthly and quarterly pest control treatment should be normalized to get rid of diseases and other risk factors.